Shell 1941 Ad Features Black Boy Eating Watermelon Made Sweeter with Petroleum

Life Magazine was the repository for the collective wisdom and common sense of the United States of America, or at least its white middle-class. Here’s a photo I took of a Shell advertisement which appeared in its July 7, 1941 issue. Continue reading

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The Hypocrisy of USA Immigration Policy

From Farmers brace for workforce shortage under Obama’s executive action on immigration in the Augusta Chronicle of December 28, 2014:

Farmers already scrambling to find workers in California – the nation’s leading grower of fruits, vegetables and nuts – fear an even greater labor shortage under President Obama’s executive action to block about 5 million people from deportation.

Thousands of the state’s farmworkers, who make up a significant portion of those who will benefit, might choose to leave the uncertainty of their seasonal jobs for steady work building homes, cooking in restaurants and cleaning hotel rooms.

This article illustrates the hypocrisy of US immigration policy. Whole industries depend on cheap labor, and we deprive those laborers of a legal status so their employers can exploit them.

Let’s just be honest. If we want cheap fruit & vegetables, $0.50 chicken pieces, clean office buildings, manicured landscaping and construction workers on demand, then we have to have immigrants willing to do these tasks. Now the only question is whether we want them to have enough rights to be able to approach the police when landlords, employers and criminals exploit them.

We have a North American Free Trade Agreement which gives the Jalisco tomato and Iowan wheat more rights to cross borders than Mexicans.

If you believe in free markets for products, shouldn’t you believe in free markets for labor?

The Myth of ‘The Desert and the Sown’

In A Companion to the Ancient Near East, in which I read one article about humans’ environmental impacts, I came across a discussion on pp. 140-1 about an early twentieth century historiography which “partitioned the population of the Near East into nomads, as destroyers of the land, versus sedentary peoples, as keepers of the land. … These authors maintained that the collapse of agriculture during the first centuries of Islamic rule in the Near East could be blamed on a widespread shift to a pastoral economy. Recent works on the problem have shown that such a thing never occurred, and that agriculture actually flourished in some areas, while others went into decline (Kedar 1985).”

Kedar, Benjamin. “The Arab Conquests and Agriculture: A Seventh-Century Apocalypse, Satellite Imagery, and Palynology,” Asian and African Studies 19 (1985), 1-15.