Lepidus in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar: In your coalition, are you the donkey carrying cargo?

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus joined Marc Antony and Octavius in their war against Julius Caesar’s killers. Historians differ in evaluating his weight in the Second Triumvirate, but Shakespeare was unambiguous in his judgment of Lepidus as a lightweight. Continue reading

Can Popular Revolutions Remain Democratic?

Whenever I want to shock people, I say,

 رحم الله الزعيم ماو و الزعيم فيدل و الزعيم هوغو

May God have mercy on Chairman Mao, Fidel [Castro] and Hugo [Chavez].

All of these leaders came to power in countries dominated by foreign-supported oligarchies. To varying degrees, these revolutions, with the People’s Republic of China being the foremost example, due to its enormous size (and tremendous repression?), were able to resist counter-revolutions. Continue reading